M E X I C O A F R I E N D L Y C O U N T R Y
S O M E T H I N G Y O U S H O U L D K N O W…
W H A T T O DRESS IN Y O U R T R I P T O M E X I C O
we suggest you to take a pair of very comfortable shoes and a sweater; a good Spanish dictionary, a guide book of México, a small first aid kit, a camera and film. (Keep your personal documents and cash in a safe place).
W H E N S H O P P I N G
In Mexico’s big cities you will find glamorous and sophisticated shopping malls and boutiques. However, we suggest visiting a typical Mexican market; each city and town has at least one of them. it’s a fun and interesting experience if you wish to know Mexico thoroughly. the richness of our textiles weaving, the beauty of our silver, the glimmer of the Mexico copper and the one of a kind hand painted ceramics are just a few of the treasures that the Mexico craftsmanship can offer you.
P O P U L A T I O N
Nowadays. Mexico has a population of 100 million people; annually it grows at a rate of 2.2 %. Approximately 61% of Mexicans are “ Mestizo “ (A blend of Spanish and native) 30% is native Indian and almost 9% is of European ascent.
L A N G U A G E S
The official language in Mexico is Spanish. however, in some small villages the native still speaks dialects such as Nahuatl, Maya, Otomi, Mixteco and Zapoteco. In the urban areas, a large percentage of the people will understand and speak English.
R E L I G I O N
90% of the Mexican people are Catholic’s, since this religion is part of our culture and history.
F O O D
The diet of most Mexicans include corn, beans and hot peppers combined with meat, fish, vegetables and spices; each region of the country has its own typical dishes, but some are common to the whole country. for example the “ tortilla “, which is made of corn; the “ Torta “ (a kind of sandwich prepared with white bread called “ Bolillo “), “ tacos “ (tortillas stuffed with vegetables or meat) and “ Quesadillas “ ( a tortilla folded and stuffed with cheese), among others.
In Mexico there are usually three meals a day: breakfast (between 7:00 and 11:00 a.m.), lunch (between 2:00 and 4:00 p.m.) and dinner (between 8:00 and 10:00 p.m.).
B U S I N E S S S C H E D U L E S
Generally most businesses, department stores and shops are open from 9:30 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. however, in some states of the country they close at lunch time, that is from 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. the flee markets (Tianguis) and the peddlers are very common in Mexico. all government offices close at 2:30 p.m.
H O L I D A Y S
The government issued holidays that are: new year’s day (January 1st), Benito Juarez´ birthday (March 21 st), holy Easter week (Thursday through Sunday), Labor day (May 1 st), Battle of Puebla Anniversary (May 5 th), Independence day (September 16 th), The Discovery of America (October 12 th), All Saint´s Day (November 1 st), The Day of The Dead (November 2 nd), Anniversary of the Revolution (November 20 th). Also as beeing a predominantly catholic country. Mexicans celebrate our lady of Guadalupe´s day (December 12 th and Christ´s birthday (December 25 th). Most towns celebrate annually their own patron saint day.
Its not required to show proof of vaccination to enter or leave Mexico. However, we recommend you to get your travel agent’s or physician’s advice before your trip. in most cities, water is purified; in smaller cities, towns and rural areas you should drink bottled water. You can purchase it in most grocery stores. it is important for you to know that medical attention is available in case of need. While in Mexico, please try to follow strictly your usual hygiene habits: wash your hands before eating avoid foods sold or served outdoors, as well as foods not properly and/or pasteurized. Eat lightly so your body can get used to the local foods.
The peso is the official currency of Mexico; most credit cards, as well as all traveler’s cheques are welcome every where; it is possible to exchange u.s. dollars to pesos in all banks and at most prestigious hotels, although in some establishments u.s. dollars are not accepted; there are also money exchange houses where you can exchange just about any currency for pesos. most banking institutions open from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m., some of them closet at 5:00 p.m.
E L E C T R I C I T Y
The electric current used in Mexico is 110 volts, 60 hz. Please consider this fact when you use your electric appliances to make sure you don´t ruin them.
T A X E S A N D T I P S
Some of the taxes are already included in the package or tour. Taxes on food, drinks, crafts and clothes are usually 15% of the price. In some places taxes are probably included in the bill; to make sure, we recommend to ask before paying the check in each establishment; if you take a taxi cab, we recommend to inquire at the hotel about the amount you should pay; it is of course more convenient to take one with a meter on; if the taxi does not have one, ask the driver for the cost before boarding; in Mexico taxi drivers do not have to be tipped.
Airport tax for international flights is $ 22 u.s. Dollars. The tourists will be charged and extra $ 18 usd to cover the tua tax on international departures; for national flights a $ 18 usd airport tax will be charged; Maids, tour guides, drivers and bellboys have to be tipped.
G O V E R N M E N T
The Mexican government is made of three branches: the executive, legislative an the judicial powers. The Federal Government is led by the President (the executive) Who is elected directly by the people. The vote is a right to all Mexicans over 18 years old. The president serves for only one six-year term. The legislative branch of our government is made up by the congress and the senate. All states in the nation have independent governments with a similar structure. The judicial branch of our government is made up by the Supreme Court, integrated by 11 ministers, and it is the maximum organ of justice in Mexico.
T E R R I T O R Y A N D C L I M A T E
Mexico´s borders are in the north with the United States and in the south with Guatemala and Belize. Its climate varies from dry and hot in the north to tropical and moist in the south. The country is rich in natural resources such as oil, natural gas, silver, iron, coal, copper, lead, zinc and others.
The central plateau of the country where Mexico City is located, is rimmed by two great mountain ranges: “ The Sierra Madre Oriental “ To The East And “ The Sierra Madre Occidental” to the west.
Two thirds of Mexico’s territory consists of mountain; ranges, many of them have volcanoes; temperature and precipitation vary depending on the altitude and region. Alpine conditions prevail on the high mountains. In Mexico City the climate is generally warm to cool, and the rainy season lasts from may to November. In the southern part of the country the temperature is hot and humid.